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Timken Tapered Roller Bearings Types and cages


Timken Tapered Roller Bearings types and cages

 

Single-Row Bearings
TS - Single-row
This is the basic and the most widely used type of tapered roller bearing. It consists of the inner-ring assembly and the outer ring. It is usually fitted as one of an opposing pair. During equipment assembly, single-row bearings can be “set” to the required clearance (endplay) or preload condition to optimize performance.


TSF - Single-row, with flanged outer ring
The TSF type is a variation on the basic single-row bearing. TSF bearings have a flanged outer ring to facilitate axial location and accurately aligned seats in a through-bored housing.

 

Double-Row Bearings

TDO - Double outer ring
This has a one-piece (double) outer ring and two single inner rings. It is usually supplied complete with an inner-ring spacer as a pre-set assembly. This configuration gives a wide effective bearing spread and is frequently chosen for applications where overturning moments are a significant load component. TDO bearings can be used in fixed (locating) positions or allowed to float in the housing bore, for example, to compensate for shaft expansion. TDOCD outer rings also are available in most sizes. These outer rings have holes in the O.D. that permit the use of pins to prevent outer ring rotation in the housing.


TDI - Double iner ring
TDIT - Double iner ring with tapered bore

Both comprise a one-piece (double) inner ring and two single outer rings. They are usually supplied complete with an outerring spacer as a pre-set assembly. TDI and TDIT bearings can be used at fixed (locating) positions on rotating shaft applications. For rotating housing applications, the double inner ring of type TDI can be used to float on the stationary shaft. Type TDIT has a tapered bore to facilitate removal when an interference fit is essential, yet regular removal is required.

TNA - Non-adjustable
TNASW - Non-adjustable with lubricant slots
TNASWE - Non-adjustable with lubricant slots and extended back face rib 

These three bearing types are similar to the TDO with a one-piece (double) outer ring and two single inner rings. The inner-ring front faces are extended so they abut, eliminating the need for a separate inner-ring spacer. Supplied with a built-in clearance to give a standard setting range, these bearings provide a solution for many fixed or floating bearing applications where optimum simplicity of assembly is required. Types TNASW and TNASWE are variations having chamfers and slots on the front face of the inner ring to provide lubricationthrough the shaft. Type TNASWE have extended back face ribs on the inner rings which are ground on the O.D. to allow for the use of a seal or stamped closure. These designs are typically used on stationary shaft applications.

Spacer asemblies

Any two single-row bearings (type TS) can be supplied as a double-row, pre-set, ready-to-fit assembly by the addition of spacers, machined to pre-determined dimensions and tolerances. Spacer assemblies are provided in two types: "2S" and "SR". This concept can be applied to produce custom-made double-row bearings to suit specific applications. In addition to providing a bearing that automatically gives a pre-determined setting at assembly without the need for a manual setting, it is possible to modify the assembly width to suit an application, simply by varying the spacer widths.

2S - Two single-row asembly
Often referred to as snap-ring assemblies, type 2S consist of two basic single-row bearings (type TS). They are supplied complete with inner-ring and outer-ring spacers to give a predetermined bearing setting when assembled. Type 2S have a specified setting range to suit the duty of the application. They have an inner-ring spacer and a snap-ring, which also serves as the outer-ring spacer, to give axial location in a through-bored housing.


SR - Set-RightTM asembly
Type SR are made to a standard setting range, based on Timken’s Set-Right™ automated setting technique suitable for most industrial applications. They have two spacers and an optional snap-ring that may be used for axial location. Because both types are made up of popular sizes of single-row bearings, they provide a low-cost option for many applications.

 

There are two basic mounting arrangements for spacer assemblies.
•• Type 2TS-IM (indirect mounting)
These consist of two single-row bearings with an inner-ring and outer-ring spacer. In some applications, the outer-ring spacer is replaced by a shoulder in the bearing housing.
•• Type 2TS-DM (direct mounting)
These consist of two single-row bearings, with inner rings abutting and an outer-ring spacer. They are generally used at fixed (locating) positions on rotating shaft applications.

Tapered Roler Bearing Cages

Stamped -Stel Cages
The most common type of cage used for tapered roller bearings is the stamped-steel cage. These cages are mass produced from low-carbon sheet steel using a series of cutting, forming and punching operations. These cages can be used in high temperature and harsh lubricant environments.


Polymer Cages
Cages for tapered roller bearings made of polymer material are used primarily for pre-greased and sealed package designs. The most common polymer materials used are Nylon thermoplastics with glass reinforcement. Polymer cages can be mass produced in large quantities and offer more design flexibility than stampedsteel types. Polymer cages are lightweight and easy to assemble. In some instances, increased bearing rating can be achieved by allowing one or two extra rollers in the bearing complement. Care should be exercised when using aggressive lubricants with EP (extreme-pressure) additives in combination with elevated temperatures greater than 107° C (225° F).

Machined Cages
Machined cages for tapered roller bearings are robust in design and are suited for high-speed and high-load applications. Machined cages use alloy steels and are produced through milling and broaching operations. Assembly does not require a close-in operation and rollers can be retained using nibs or staking. Oil holes also can be easily added for extra lubrication for demanding applications. Some designs are silver plated for special applications.


Pin-Type Cages
Tapered roller bearing pin-type cages retain the rolling elements by the use of a pin located through an axial hole in the center of the roller. Pin-type cages for tapered roller bearings consist of two rings with roller pins attached by screw threads at one end and welding at the other end. These types of cages are primarily used for larger tapered roller bearing designs (greater than 400 mm [15.7480 in.] O.D.). 

Pin-type cages are machined out of steel and typically allow for an increased number of rolling elements. Pin-type cages are restricted to low-speed applications (less than 20 m/sec [4000 ft/min] rib speed).



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